Category: Biographies Memoirs Of Scientists

Download e-book for kindle: Einstein for Anyone: A Quick Read: A concise but up-to-date by David Topper

By David Topper

ISBN-10: 1622730399

ISBN-13: 9781622730391

Here is the compact tale of this well-known guy, from the smiling contrarian in his grade tuition photo to the nonconformist grownup who refused to groom his hair. As such, it fills a spot: the necessity for a truly brief e-book on Einstein that offers a quick yet up to date tale of his lifestyles and notion, with an easy rationalization of what he contributed to twentieth century physics and past.  

There is a bankruptcy on his habitually thorny relationships with ladies and shut family. His past love, his first and moment other halves, his mom and dad and his youngsters – none of which was once a painless union. The start of an illegitimate daughter, the estrangement of his sons after divorcing his first spouse, his incessant fight along with his controlling mom – all had a powerful physiological impact on Einstein’s personality.

Next is a bankruptcy at the younger Jew suffering from self-identify, who in maturity was once unwaveringly devoted to social justice that he believed was once rooted in Jewish moral values. it all started together with his early flirtation with Orthodox Judaism, basically to be vehemently rejected via the science-obsessed youngster. Then his publicity to overt anti-Semitism whilst he moved to Germany was once by means of his next espousal (with reservations) of the Zionist circulation. finally he moved to the united states fleeing Nazi Germany, in simple terms to be faced with endemic racism in the direction of African-Americans, to which he boldly spoke-out aiding the burgeoning civil rights stream.   

Finally, there's the scientist who expresses his beliefs via his radical principles in regards to the actual global, as he transformed our conceptions of area, time, and movement. the end result was once a brand new cosmic version of the universe that's being constructed extra at the present time. in addition, his dedication to an ordered and predictable universe was once eventually expressed in his ultimate (but nonetheless unfulfilled) quest for a thought unifying all forces of nature into one whole. 

 

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Get Mathematics With Love: The Courtship Correspondence of PDF

By M. Stopes-Roe

ISBN-10: 1403944989

ISBN-13: 9781403944986

In 1922 Barnes Wallis FRS, who later invented the transatlantic airship and the bouncing bomb immortalized within the motion picture The Dam Busters, fell in love for the 1st and final time - elderly 35. the article of his affection, Molly Bloxam, was once 17 and surroundings off to check technology at collage collage London. Her father decreed that the 2 may perhaps correspond provided that Barnes taught Molly arithmetic in his letters.

Mathematics with Love provides, for the 1st time, the results of this curious diktat: a sequence of witty, soft and completely available introductions to calculus, trigonometry and electrostatic induction that remarkably, wooed and received the woman. Deftly narrated by means of Barnes and Molly's daughter Mary, arithmetic with Love is an evocative story of a twenties courtship, a stunning perception into the formative years of an engineering genius - and a good way to profit a bit mathematics.

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Download e-book for kindle: Smoking Kills by Conrad Keating

By Conrad Keating

ISBN-10: 1909930040

ISBN-13: 9781909930049

on the finish of the second one global struggle, Britain had the top occurrence of lung melanoma on this planet. For the 1st time lung melanoma deaths surpassed these from tuberculosis - and nobody knew why. On 30 September 1950, a tender general practitioner named Richard Doll concluded in a learn paper that smoking cigarettes was once 'a reason and an incredible reason' of the swiftly expanding epidemic of lung melanoma. His historical and contentious discovering marked the start of a life-long campaign opposed to untimely loss of life and the forces of 'Big Tobacco'. Born in 1912, Doll, a ordinary patrician, jettisoned his institution historical past and joined the Communist social gathering as a response to the 'anarchy and waste' of capitalism within the Nineteen Thirties. He handled the burned ft of the Jarrow Marchers, served as a clinical officer on the retreat to Dunkirk, and have become a real hero of the NHS. A political innovative and an epidemiologist with a Darwinian heart-of-stone, Doll fulfilled his early ambition to be 'a important member of society'. Doll suggested a path via a minefield of clinical and political controversy. competitors from the tobacco puzzled his technological know-how, whereas later critics from the environmental foyer attacked his alleged connections to the chemical undefined. An enigmatic person, Doll was once feared and revered all through a protracted and wide-ranging medical profession which ended purely together with his dying in 2005. during this accredited and groundbreaking biography, Conrad Keating finds a guy whose existence and paintings encapsulates a lot of the 20th century. defined by way of the British clinical magazine as 'perhaps Britain s most outstanding doctor', Doll ushered in a brand new period in drugs: the highbrow ascendancy of scientific facts. in keeping with the Nobel laureate Sir Paul Nurse, his paintings, that may have avoided hundreds of thousands of deaths, 'transcends the bounds drugs into the worldwide neighborhood of mankind.'

'A well-crafted biography of Doll, [who] single-handedly stored thousands of lives along with his findings.' - New Scientist

'As this interesting and fair-minded biography makes transparent, whereas Doll's political instincts have been radical, he used to be however a conservative scientist, constantly wary in causal inference. . . outstanding and engaging.' - foreign magazine of Epidemiology

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Download PDF by Helge Kragh: Simply Dirac

By Helge Kragh

ISBN-10: 1943657092

ISBN-13: 9781943657094

“What a gorgeous entrée into the lifetime of Paul Dirac and the unique international of Quantum Mechanics, of which he used to be one of many nice pioneers. With its solid of a few of crucial scientists of the fashionable age, this is often either an wonderful and an enlightening read.”
—Michael White, Bestselling writer of 39 books together with Isaac Newton: The final Sorcerer

Paul Dirac (1902–1984) was once an excellent mathematician and a 1933 Nobel laureate whose paintings ranks along that of Albert Einstein and Sir Isaac Newton. even supposing no longer in addition referred to as his well-known contemporaries Werner Heisenberg and Richard Feynman, his impact at the process physics used to be giant. His landmark publication, The rules of Quantum Mechanics, brought that new technological know-how to the realm and his “Dirac equation” used to be the 1st thought to reconcile unique relativity and quantum mechanics.

Dirac held the Lucasian Chair of arithmetic at Cambridge college, a place additionally occupied by way of such luminaries as Isaac Newton and Stephen Hawking. but, in the course of his 40-year profession as a professor, he had just a couple of doctoral scholars because of his odd character, which bordered at the weird and wonderful. Taciturn and introverted, with nearly no social abilities, he as soon as became down a knighthood simply because he didn’t are looking to be addressed via his first identify. Einstein defined him as “balancing at the dizzying direction among genius and madness.”

In Simply Dirac, writer Helge Kragh blends the medical and the private and invitations the reader to get to grasp either Dirac the quantum genius and Dirac the social misfit. that includes cameo appearances via many of the maximum scientists of the twentieth century and highlighting the dramatic alterations that happened within the box of physics in the course of Dirac’s lifetime, this attention-grabbing biography is a useful advent to a very singular man.

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Download PDF by Nancy Forbes,Basil Mahon: Faraday, Maxwell, and the Electromagnetic Field: How Two Men

By Nancy Forbes,Basil Mahon

ISBN-10: 1616149426

ISBN-13: 9781616149420

The tale of 2 incredible nineteenth-century scientists who came across the electromagnetic box, laying the basis for the fantastic technological and theoretical breakthroughs of the 20th century

Two of the boldest and so much artistic scientists of all time have been Michael Faraday (1791-1867) and James Clerk Maxwell (1831-1879). this can be the tale of ways those males - separated in age by way of 40 years - stumbled on the lifestyles of the electromagnetic box and devised a significantly new thought which overturned the strictly mechanical view of the realm that had prevailed on account that Newton's time.

The authors, veteran technology writers with specific services in physics and engineering, have created a full of life narrative that interweaves wealthy biographical element from each one man's lifestyles with transparent factors in their clinical accomplishments. Faraday was once an autodidact, who overcame classification prejudice and an absence of mathematical education to develop into popular for his acute powers of experimental remark, technological talents, and prodigious clinical mind's eye. James Clerk Maxwell was once extremely popular as the most extraordinary mathematical physicists of the age. He made an immense variety of advances in his personal correct. but if he translated Faraday's rules into mathematical language, hence developing box conception, this unified framework of electrical energy, magnetism and lightweight grew to become the foundation for a lot of later, 20th-century physics.

Faraday's and Maxwell's collaborative efforts gave upward push to some of the technological options we take with no consideration this day - from electrical energy iteration to tv, and masses extra. instructed with panache, heat, and readability, this appealing tale in their maximum paintings - within which each one performed an equivalent half - and their inspiring lives will deliver new appreciation to those giants of science.

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Download e-book for kindle: Agnes Mary Clerke and the Rise of Astrophysics by M. T. Brück

By M. T. Brück

ISBN-10: 0521055792

ISBN-13: 9780521055796

ISBN-10: 0521808448

ISBN-13: 9780521808446

Born in eire within the mid-nineteenth century, Agnes Mary Clerke accomplished status because the writer of A heritage of Astronomy throughout the 19th Century. via her quarter-century profession, she turned the major commentator on astronomy and astrophysics within the English-speaking international. The biography of Agnes Clerke describes the existence and paintings of this striking lady. It additionally chronicles the improvement of astronomy within the final a long time of pre-Einstein technology, and introduces the various nice figures in astronomy of that age together with Huggins, Lockyer, Holden and Pickering; their achievements and their rivalries. the tale follows her friendship with William and Margaret Huggins, and her prolific correspondence with eminent astronomers of the time. This biography will fascinate scientists, and a person who admires highbrow fulfillment caused via love of studying and sheer tough work.

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Galileo Galilei: Su vida, su obra y sus aportes al método by Blanca Inés Prada Márquez,Windmills Editions PDF

By Blanca Inés Prada Márquez,Windmills Editions

ISBN-10: 1365502295

ISBN-13: 9781365502293

-Los primeros pasos - Su nacimiento en Pisa. Sus primeros estudios en Padua.
-La física aristotélica, carga pesada para Galileo - l. a. Física y el Tratado del cielo de Aristóteles.El misterio cosmográfico de Kepler. Diferencias metodológicas entre Kepler y Galileo.
-El mensajero de los astros - Primeras observaciones astronómicas de Galileo. El descubrimiento de los cuatro satélites más importantes de Júpiter. El texto Sidereus Nuncius. El problema de las manchas solares.
-La defensa del sistema copernicano - El Diálogo sobre los dos máximos sistemas del mundo: ptolemaico y copernicano. l.
-El proceso de Galileo - Antecedentes del proceso. Carta de Galileo a Benedetto Castelli en diciembre de 1613. Diferencias entre los angeles verdad de fe y los angeles verdad científica, según Galileo.
-Por qué rechaza Galileo l. a. equivalencia de las hipótesis - Pruebas que presenta Galileo en prefer del heliocentrismo. Galileo refuta los angeles cosmología tradicional.
-El método científico de Galileo - Experiencia y matemática en Galileo. Para Galileo el saber científico es un saber limitado y circunscrito, el investigador de los angeles naturaleza debe estar acompañado de un espíritu crítico.
-Los últimos años del sabio - Cartas de Galileo a Élie Diodati en París (1634), donde se nos muestra el aspecto humano del científico. Última obra de Galileo: sus Discursos y demostraciones matemáticas sobre dos nuevas ciencias relacionadas con los angeles mecánica y el movimiento neighborhood (1638). Carta de Galileo a Fortunio Liceti en 1641, donde Galileo, aun en vísperas de su muerte, sigue defendiendo el heliocentrismo. A manera de conclusión: Galileo, símbolo de l. a. lucha por l. a. libertad de pensamiento y de investigación.
***************
Blanca Inés Prada Márquez
Nacida el 28 de marzo de 1940 en Betulia (Santander- Colombia).
Licenciada en Filosofía e Historia con maestría y especialización en Filosofía e Historia de las ciencias. Pensionada de los angeles Universidad business de Santander (Bucaramanga–Colombia).
Ha publicado las siguientes obras:
1-Galileo Galilei, su vida, su obra y sus aportes al desarrollo del método de los angeles ciencia moderna. Bogotá, Tercer Mundo, 1983.
2-Ensayos en torno al pensamiento de Karl Popper. Tomo I. Bucaramanga, Editorial UIS. Primera Edición 1994.
3-Galileo, Kepler, Descartes. Creadores del pensamiento moderno.
Bucaramanga, Sic. Editorial. Primera Edición, 2001
4-Epistemología, universidad, ética y valores. Bucaramanga, Editorial UIS. Primera Edición 2003.
5-Ciencia y política en Karl Popper. Ensayos tomo II. Bucaramanga, Editorial UIS. Primera Edición 2006
6-Las ciencias naturales en Colombia (1735–1967). Bucaramanga. Sic. Editorial. Primera Edición 2007
7-Educación: un camino hacia los angeles paz. Cartas sobre educación, política y paz en Colombia. Bucaramanga, Sic. Editorial. Primera Edición 2010.
8-Paisajes de mi vida. Bucaramanga, Editorial UIS. Primera Edición 2015.
9. Paisajes de mi vida. Segunda edición. Windmills variation. California, 2016
También ha publicado artículos sobre Filosofía, Historia de las ciencias, Epistemología, Ética y Política, en revistas nacionales e internacionales y artículos periodísticos.

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New PDF release: Las cartas del Beagle (Spanish Edition)

By Charles Darwin,Conrad Martens,Martí Soler,Janet Browne,Federick Burkhardt

ISBN-10: 1543229999

ISBN-13: 9781543229998

El libro reúne, en orden cronológico, los angeles colección completa de las cartas que Darwin envió y recibió durante su viaje a bordo del Beagle entre 1831 y 1836, durante el cual realizó muchas de las observaciones que perfilaron su teoría de l. a. evolución de las especies a través de l. a. selección common. El intercambio epistolar muestra cómo los angeles familia y amigos presenciaban, desde Inglaterra, el acopio de experiencias y materiales que lo ayudarían a sustentar dicha teoría, así como el encuentro con otras culturas y formas de vida. Todo ello acompañado de las ilustraciones de Conrad Martens, el paisajista que se unió a los angeles travesía en 1833, durante el paso del navío por Montevideo.

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Andrea Wulf's The Invention of Nature: The Adventures of Alexander von PDF

By Andrea Wulf

ISBN-10: 162231980X

ISBN-13: 9781622319800

ISBN-10: 1848548982

ISBN-13: 9781848548985

ISBN-10: 1848549008

ISBN-13: 9781848549005

WINNER OF THE 2015 COSTA BIOGRAPHY AWARD

WINNER OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY technology publication PRIZE 2016

'A exciting event tale' invoice Bryson

'Dazzling' Literary Review

'Brilliant' Sunday Express

'Extraordinary and gripping' New Scientist

'A brilliant biography' The Economist

'An exhilarating armchair voyage' GILES MILTON, Mail on Sunday

Alexander von Humboldt (1769-1859) is the good misplaced scientist - extra issues are named after him than an individual else. There are cities, rivers, mountain levels, the sea present that runs alongside the South American coast, there is a penguin, an immense squid - even the Mare Humboldtianum at the moon.

His vibrant adventures learn like whatever out of a Boy's Own tale: Humboldt explored deep into the rainforest, climbed the world's optimum volcanoes and encouraged princes and presidents, scientists and poets alike. Napoleon was once jealous of him; Simon Bolívar's revolution used to be fuelled through his principles; Darwin set sail at the Beagle as a result of Humboldt; and Jules Verne's Captain Nemo owned all his many books. He easily was once, as one modern placed it, 'the maximum guy because the Deluge'.

Taking us on an attractive voyage in his footsteps - racing throughout anthrax-infected Russia or mapping tropical rivers alive with crocodiles - Andrea Wulf indicates why his existence and concepts stay so very important this present day. Humboldt estimated human-induced weather swap as early as 1800, and The Invention of Nature lines his principles as they cross directly to revolutionize and form technological know-how, conservation, nature writing, politics, paintings and the idea of evolution. He desired to recognize and comprehend every little thing and his frame of mind was once to this point sooner than his time that it is only getting into its personal now. Alexander von Humboldt particularly did invent the way in which we see nature.

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La vida es matemática: Las ecuaciones que explican los by John Allen Paulos,Dulcinea Otero-Piñeiro PDF

By John Allen Paulos,Dulcinea Otero-Piñeiro

ISBN-10: 8490661774

ISBN-13: 9788490661772

Toda vida humana, asegura el conocido matemático John Allen Paulos, es una sutil realización de patrones matemáticos, y nuestra existencia obedece a rules y ciclos gobernados por los números. Para explicar el papel que el cálculo estadístico, los angeles teoría de probabilidades o las leyes de los angeles lógica desempeñan en nuestra existencia, Paulos recurre a episodios de su propia biografía. Nos enteramos así de que padeció los estragos de un nefasto profesor de matemáticas o que todavía le remuerde los angeles conciencia por haber tenido una pequeña influencia en l. a. elección de George W. Bush como presidente de Estados Unidos. O de que los principios matemáticos gobiernan los angeles esperanza de vida o las preferencias que nos inclinan a enamorarnos.

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