Category: Biographies Memoirs Of Scientists

New PDF release: Kelvin: Life, Labours and Legacy

By Raymond Flood,Mark McCartney,Andrew Whitaker

ISBN-10: 0199231257

ISBN-13: 9780199231256

Lord Kelvin was once one of many maximum physicists of the Victorian period. widely recognized for the advance of the Kelvin scale of temperature size, Kelvin's pursuits ranged throughout thermodynamics, the age of the Earth, the laying of the 1st transatlantic telegraph desk, let alone innovations corresponding to a much better maritime compass and a sounding gadget which allowed depths to be taken either fast and whereas the send was once relocating. He was once a tutorial engaged in basic examine, whereas additionally operating with and technological advances. He corresponded and collaborated with different eminent males of technological know-how similar to Stokes, Joule, Maxwell, and Helmholtz, was once raised to the peerage due to his contributions to technological know-how, and eventually buried in Westminster Abbey subsequent to Newton. This booklet encompasses a choice of chapters, authored through major specialists, protecting the lifestyles and wide-ranging contributions made by way of William Thomson, Lord Kelvin (1824-1907).

Show description

Julian Havil's John Napier: Life, Logarithms, and Legacy PDF

By Julian Havil

ISBN-10: 0691155704

ISBN-13: 9780691155708

John Napier (1550–1617) is well known this present day because the guy who invented logarithms—an huge, immense highbrow fulfillment that may quickly result in the advance in their mechanical identical within the slide rule: the 2 might serve humanity because the important technique of calculation until eventually the mid-1970s. but, regardless of Napier's pioneering efforts, his lifestyles and paintings haven't attracted specific smooth scrutiny. John Napier is the 1st modern biography to take an in-depth examine the a number of elements of Napier’s tale: his privileged place because the 8th Laird of Merchiston and the son of influential Scottish landowners; his acceptance as a magician who dabbled in alchemy; his curiosity in agriculture; his involvement with a infamous outlaw; his staunch anti-Catholic ideals; his interactions with such friends as Henry Briggs, Johannes Kepler, and Tycho Brahe; and, such a lot particularly, his estimable mathematical legacy.

Julian Havil explores Napier’s unique improvement of logarithms, the motivations for his procedure, and the explanations in the back of sure alterations to them. Napier’s creative mathematical principles additionally contain formulation for fixing round triangles, "Napier’s Bones" (a extra easy yet very hot substitute machine for calculation), and using decimal notation for fractions and binary mathematics. Havil additionally considers Napier’s examine of the booklet of Revelation, which ended in his prediction of the Apocalypse in his first booklet, A Plaine Discovery of the complete Revelation of St. John—the paintings for which Napier believed he will be such a lot remembered.

John Napier assesses one man’s existence and the lasting impression of his developments at the mathematical sciences and beyond.

Show description

Celestial Revolutionary: Copernicus, the Man and His by John Freely PDF

By John Freely

ISBN-10: 1780763506

ISBN-13: 9781780763507

within the spring of 1500, on the apex of the Renaissance, a papal secretary to the Borgia Pope, Alexander VI, wrote that "All the area is in Rome." even though nobody knew it on the time, this integrated a tender student via the identify of Nicolaus Copernicus who may someday swap the world.

One of the best polymaths of his or any age - linguist, attorney, health care provider, diplomat, baby-kisser, mathematician, scientist, astronomer, artist, cleric - Copernicus gave the area arguably an important clinical discovery of the fashionable period: that earth and the planets revolve round the sunlight and that the earth rotates on its axis as soon as each 24 hours. His heliocentric conception and the discoveries that may stick to ushered within the age of contemporary astronomy, known as the Copernican Age, and alter the way in which we glance on the universe without end. This amazing and arguable trust - born of a fusion of the theories of the good students of antiquity and the information of the medieval Islamic global - used to be immortalised in Copernicus' epic "De revolutionibus orbium coelestium", a e-book whose first actual revealed replica used to be positioned into his palms in the mean time of his dying in 1543.

Here, for the 1st time, is a biography of Copernicus that not just describes his theories however the lifetime of the guy himself and the epic, exciting instances within which he lived.

Show description

Galileo's Instruments of Credit: Telescopes, Images, Secrecy - download pdf or read online

By Mario Biagioli

ISBN-10: 0226045617

ISBN-13: 9780226045610

ISBN-10: 0226045625

ISBN-13: 9780226045627

In six brief years, Galileo Galilei went from being a a bit imprecise arithmetic professor operating a pupil boarding apartment in Padua to a celeb within the court docket of Florence to the recipient of risky realization from the Inquisition for his help of Copernicanism. In that short interval, Galileo made a sequence of astronomical discoveries that reshaped the controversy over the actual nature of the heavens: he deeply transformed the practices and standing of astronomy with the advent of the telescope and pictorial facts, proposed an intensive reconfiguration of the connection among theology and astronomy, and reworked himself from collage mathematician into courtroom philosopher.

Galileo's tools of Credit proposes radical new interpretations of numerous key episodes of Galileo's profession, together with his early telescopic discoveries of 1610, the dispute over sunspots, and the clash with the Holy place of work over the connection among Copernicanism and Scripture. Galileo's strategies in this time shifted as speedily as his conditions, argues Mario Biagioli, and the speed of those adjustments compelled him to reply speedily to the possibilities and hazards posed by means of unexpected innovations, additional discoveries, and the interventions of his opponents.

Focusing at the facets of Galileo's medical lifestyles that stretch past the framework of courtroom tradition and patronage, Biagioli bargains a revisionist account of different platforms of exchanges, communique, and credibility at paintings in numerous stages of Galileo's profession. Galileo's tools of Credit will locate thankful readers between students of technological know-how reviews, ancient epistemology, visible experiences, Galilean technological know-how, and past due Renaissance astronomy.

Show description

Download e-book for iPad: A Chemist’s Role in the Birth of Atomic Energy by Julie E. Coryell,Joan Bainbridge Safford

By Julie E. Coryell,Joan Bainbridge Safford

ISBN-10: 0985671122

ISBN-13: 9780985671129

pushed through wartime urgency, shadowed by way of the old implications in their paintings, scientists recruited to the long island Project—many of them strangely young—raced to appreciate atomic power and plumb its energy to finish international struggle II. In 1960, for the Columbia college Oral background learn middle, American chemist Charles Coryell recorded an account of his schooling in southern California and Nazi Germany within the Thirties, his paintings at the big apple undertaking at Chicago and Oak Ridge, and his post-war profession at MIT.

Upon the invention of aspect sixty one, in 1945, Coryell’s spouse, greedy the Promethean nature of nuclear know-how, provided the identify Promethium and quoted: “You have stolen hearth from the gods, and mankind might undergo for it.” Her quote and his memories echo this day because the global grapples with the promise and perils of atomic energy.

Show description

New PDF release: Avicenna (Beck Paperback) (German Edition)

By Gotthard Strohmaier

ISBN-10: 3406714404

ISBN-13: 9783406714405

Kaum ein anderer nicht-christlicher Denker des Mittelalters ist so sehr Teil der abendländischen Geistesgeschichte geworden wie der persische Muslim Avicenna (um 980–1037). Durch seine Vermittlung gelangten die Werke des Aristoteles wieder nach Westeuropa. Sein enzyklopädisches Hauptwerk „Buch der Genesung der Seele“ hatte prägenden Einfluß auf Albert den Großen und Thomas von Aquin. Gotthard Strohmaier schildert das abenteuerliche Leben Avicennas, gibt eine Einführung in sein Werk auf dem neuesten Stand der Forschung und skizziert Avicennas Bedeutung für das abendländische Denken.

Show description

Download e-book for kindle: India’s Railway Man: A Biography of E. Sreedharan by Rajendra B. Aklekar

By Rajendra B. Aklekar

ISBN-10: 8129145219

ISBN-13: 9788129145215

Sreedharan’s services and foresight—on behalf of these now not as richly blessed as he was—ensured that political will used to be switched over right into a multipurpose railway venture. The [Chithoni railway hyperlink] bridge was once accomplished 11 weeks prior to agenda and proved to be worthy to 1 and all.

Two key railway tasks replaced the way in which India travels through train—the 760-km stretch of Konkan Railway and the Delhi Metro. either the tasks have been up and working in seven years flat and the guy liable was once Dr Elattuvalapil Sreedharan, popularly referred to as the Railway guy. He has been hailed because the messiah of new-age infrastructure initiatives and his good fortune tales became railway engineering benchmark.

Respected, enjoyed and both hated, this publication covers the superb tale of 1 man—his perseverance, ideals, and private and non-private battles. India’s Railway guy: A Biography of E. Sreedharan is a tribute to this striking man.

Show description

Download e-book for kindle: One Hot Summer: Dickens, Darwin, Disraeli, and the Great by Rosemary Ashton

By Rosemary Ashton

ISBN-10: 0300227264

ISBN-13: 9780300227260

ISBN-10: 0300238665

ISBN-13: 9780300238662

ISBN-10: 1541459725

ISBN-13: 9781541459724

A exact, in-depth view of Victorian London throughout the record-breaking summer time of 1858, while citizens either well-known and now-forgotten persisted “The nice Stink” together

whereas 1858 in London could have been noteworthy for its broiling summer season months and the similar stench of the sewage-filled Thames River, the 12 months is in a different way little remembered. And but, historian Rosemary Ashton unearths during this compelling microhistory, 1858 used to be marked via major, if unrecognized, turning issues. For traditional humans, and likewise for the wealthy, well-known, and strong, the months from may perhaps to August became out to be a summer time of consequence.
 
Ashton mines Victorian letters and gossip, diaries, courtroom documents, newspapers, and different modern resources to discover traditionally an important moments within the lives of 3 protagonists—Charles Dickens, Charles Darwin, and Benjamin Disraeli. She additionally introduces others who received renown within the headlines of the day, between them George Eliot, Karl Marx, William Thackeray, and Edward Bulwer Lytton. Ashton unearths invisible threads of connection between Londoners at each social point in 1858, bringing the distinguished urban and its voters vibrantly to life.

Show description

Download e-book for iPad: Leonardo Da Vinci's Elements of the Science of Man by Kenneth D. Keele

By Kenneth D. Keele

ISBN-10: 0124039804

ISBN-13: 9780124039803

ISBN-10: 148324153X

ISBN-13: 9781483241531

Leonardo Da Vinci’s parts of the technological know-how of guy describes how Da Vinci integrates his mechanical observations and experiments in mechanics into underlying ideas. This booklet consists of 17 chapters that spotlight the rules underlying Da Vinci’s examine in anatomical reports. massive chapters care for Leonardo’s medical equipment and the math of his pyramidal legislations, in addition to his observations at the human and animal routine. different chapters describe the artist’s anatomical method of the mechanism of the human physique, in particular the body structure of imaginative and prescient, voice, tune, senses, soul, and the anxious process. the remainder chapters study the mechanism of the bones, joints, breathing, center, digestion, and urinary and reproductive systems.

Show description

New PDF release: Turing's Vision: The Birth of Computer Science (MIT Press)

By Chris Bernhardt

ISBN-10: 0262034549

ISBN-13: 9780262034548

ISBN-10: 0262533510

ISBN-13: 9780262533515

ISBN-10: 1504711718

ISBN-13: 9781504711715

In 1936, whilst he was once simply twenty-four years outdated, Alan Turing wrote a amazing paper during which he defined the speculation of computation, laying out the tips that underlie all sleek pcs. This groundbreaking and strong idea now varieties the root of desktop technology. In Turing's Vision, Chris Bernhardt explains the speculation, Turing's most crucial contribution, for the overall reader. Bernhardt argues that the energy of Turing's concept is its simplicity, and that, defined in an easy demeanour, it really is eminently comprehensible through the nonspecialist. As Marvin Minsky writes, "The sheer simplicity of the theory's beginning and remarkable brief direction from this beginning to its logical and impressive conclusions provide the speculation a mathematical good looks that on my own promises it an enduring position in machine theory." Bernhardt starts off with the basis and systematically builds to the superb conclusions. He additionally perspectives Turing's conception within the context of mathematical heritage, different perspectives of computation (including these of Alonzo Church), Turing's later paintings, and the beginning of the trendy computer.In the paper, "On Computable Numbers, with an software to the Entscheidungsproblem," Turing thinks rigorously approximately how people practice computation, breaking it down right into a series of steps, after which constructs theoretical machines able to appearing each one step. Turing desired to exhibit that there have been difficulties that have been past any computer's skill to unravel; particularly, he desired to discover a choice challenge that he may end up was once undecidable. to provide an explanation for Turing's rules, Bernhardt examines 3 famous selection difficulties to discover the concept that of undecidability; investigates theoretical computing machines, together with Turing machines; explains common machines; and proves that convinced difficulties are undecidable, together with Turing's challenge relating computable numbers.

Show description